PISA 2003 Technical Report

image of PISA 2003 Technical Report

The PISA 2003 Technical Report describes the complex methodology underlying PISA 2003, along with additional features related to the implementation of the project at a level of detail that allows researchers to understand and replicate its analyses. It presents information on the test and sample design, methodologies used to analyse the data, technical features of the project and quality control mechanisms.



Scaling Procedures and Construct Validation of Context Questionnaire Data

The PISA 2003 context questionnaires included numerous items on student characteristics, student family background, student perceptions, school characteristics and school principals’ perceptions. Though some of these questions can be analysed as single items (for example, gender), most questions were designed to measure latent constructs that cannot be observed directly. Here, transformations or scaling procedures are needed to construct meaningful indices.


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