Pedagogical Knowledge and the Changing Nature of the Teaching Profession

image of Pedagogical Knowledge and the Changing Nature of the Teaching Profession

Highly qualified and competent teachers are fundamental for equitable and effective education systems. Teachers today are facing higher and more complex expectations to  help students reach their full potential and become valuable members of 21st century society. The nature and variety of these demands imply that teachers, more than ever before, must be professionals who make decisions based on a robust and updated knowledge base.

This publication presents research and ideas from multiple perspectives on pedagogical knowledge - the knowledge of teaching and learning - and the changing nature of the teaching profession. It provides a modern account of teachers’ professional competence, and how this relates to student learning. The report looks at knowledge dynamics in the teaching profession and investigates how teachers’ knowledge can be measured. It provides precious insights into 21st century demands on teacher knowledge.

This volume also offers a conceptual base for a future empirical study on teachers’ knowledge. It will be a useful resource for those interested in understanding the different factors underlying high quality teaching through examining and outlining the complexity of the teaching profession. In particular, this publication will be of interest to teacher educators, educational leaders, policy makers and the research community.



Teaching, learning and assessing 21st century skills

Centre for Educational Research and Innovation

This chapter draws upon the report Education for Life and Work: Developing Transferable Knowledge and Skills in the 21st Century (Pellegrino and Hilton, 2012) to address questions about why the terms labelled “deeper learning” and “21st century skills” have achieved prominence in the thinking and actions of multiple stakeholder groups and what we know from research to help us think productively about their educational and social implications.In particular, the chapter considers issues of construct definition and identifies three important domains of competence – cognitive, intrapersonal and interpersonal. It then considers research evidence related to these domains including their importance for success in education and work, their representation in disciplinary standards, and the design of instruction in areas such as reading, mathematics and science to promote their development. It concludes with implications for curriculum, instruction, assessment, teacher learning and professional development.


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