Pedagogical Knowledge and the Changing Nature of the Teaching Profession

image of Pedagogical Knowledge and the Changing Nature of the Teaching Profession

Highly qualified and competent teachers are fundamental for equitable and effective education systems. Teachers today are facing higher and more complex expectations to  help students reach their full potential and become valuable members of 21st century society. The nature and variety of these demands imply that teachers, more than ever before, must be professionals who make decisions based on a robust and updated knowledge base.

This publication presents research and ideas from multiple perspectives on pedagogical knowledge - the knowledge of teaching and learning - and the changing nature of the teaching profession. It provides a modern account of teachers’ professional competence, and how this relates to student learning. The report looks at knowledge dynamics in the teaching profession and investigates how teachers’ knowledge can be measured. It provides precious insights into 21st century demands on teacher knowledge.

This volume also offers a conceptual base for a future empirical study on teachers’ knowledge. It will be a useful resource for those interested in understanding the different factors underlying high quality teaching through examining and outlining the complexity of the teaching profession. In particular, this publication will be of interest to teacher educators, educational leaders, policy makers and the research community.


Connecting generic pedagogical knowledge with practice

Centre for Educational Research and Innovation

In this chapter, we introduce the concept of professional vision to assess aspects of pre-service teachers’ knowledge referring to the contextualised and situated nature of real-world demands of the teaching profession. We use the concept to describe how pre-service teachers draw on their pedagogical, declarative-conceptual knowledge about effective teaching and learning to notice and interpret relevant features of classroom situations. In this chapter, we describe in a first section how the structure of pre-service teachers’ professional vision is modelled. Based on the theoretical assumed structure, we outline in section two how pre-service teachers’ professional vision is assessed by a standardised, formative approach. Finally, in section three we summarise findings with regard to the question how pre-service teachers change their professional vision within university-based teacher education.


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