Pathways to Success

How Knowledge and Skills at Age 15 Shape Future Lives in Canada

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Presents the findings of Canada's Youth in Transition Survey, which complements OECD's PISA survey and offers significant new policy insights in understanding students’ choices at different ages and the impact of these decisions on consequent education and labour market outcomes. YITS is a longitudinal study that tracks 30 000 Canadian students who took part in the PISA 2000 assessment and, with interviews every two years, follows their progress from secondary school into higher education and the labour market.



Decisions After School: Pathways Followed by the Cohort Born in 1984

This chapter provides a first glimpse at the results of Canada’s longitudinal study – the Youth in Transition Survey (YITS). Using 2006 as a reference point, when students were 21 years olds, it examines the various pathways taken by students to college, university and work since 2000. These pathways are critical in shaping the future educational, occupational and social outcomes of these individuals and hence are of considerable policy relevance. While linear pathways were most common to achieve a post-secondary education, they were not the only ones. The importance of achievement in PISA 2000 evidenced by the results presented in this chapter. High levels of competencies at age 15 are in general associated with linear pathways and higher educational attainment – notably, a university education – but many students also followed non-linear pathways (those shifting between education and work) to achieve a post-secondary education.


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