OECD Reviews of School Resources: Kazakhstan 2015

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The effective use of school resources is a policy priority across OECD countries. The OECD Reviews of School Resources explore how resources can be governed, distributed, utilised and managed to improve the quality, equity and efficiency of school education.

The series considers four types of resources: financial resources, such as public funding of individual schools; human resources, such as teachers, school leaders, education administrators; physical resources, such as location, buildings and equipment, and other resources such as learning time.

This series will offer timely policy advice to both governments and the education community. It will include both country reports and thematic studies.

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Disadvantaged: there is no common definition across OECD countries of what is a disadvantaged school. Typically a disadvantaged school is a school with a high proportion of disadvantaged students. In PISA (Programme for International Student Assessment), disadvantaged schools are defined as schools where the average socio-economic background of students is below the national average. Students are considered disadvantaged on the basis of their personal and social circumstances, such as ethnic origin and family’s socio-economic status.


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