OECD Reviews of Integrity in Education: Ukraine 2017

image of OECD Reviews of Integrity in Education: Ukraine 2017

Education in Ukraine is marked by integrity violations from early childhood education and care through postgraduate study.  In the past decade policy makers and civic organisations have made progress in addressing these challenges. However, much remains to be done. OECD Reviews of Integrity in Education: Ukraine 2017 aims to support these efforts.

The review examines systemic integrity violations in Ukraine. These include: preferential access to school and pre-school education through favours and bribes; misappropriation of parental contributions to schools; undue recognition of learning achievement in schools; paid supplementary tutoring by classroom teachers; textbook procurement fraud; and, in higher education, corrupt access, academic dishonesty, and unwarranted recognition of academic work.

The report identifies how policy shortcomings create incentives for misconduct and provide opportunities for educators and students to act on these incentives. It presents recommendations to address these weaknesses and strengthen public trust in a merit-based education system. The audience of this report is policy makers, opinion leaders and educators in Ukraine.


Undue recognition of learning achievement in primary and secondary education in Ukraine

The chapter examines undue recognition of learning achievement of students in Ukraine: intentional over-marking or under-marking by teachers for personal gain, such as money, gifts or services to the teacher or the school. Serious weaknesses in the assessment of learning outcomes, combined with a culture of acceptance of gifts, provide teachers with opportunities to mismark - and parents with the expectation that marks are negotiable. All sides involved have reasons to engage in the integrity violation: parents in the conviction that better marks can secure admission to good higher education, schools because of their dependence on parental contributions and teachers because of their unsatisfactory income.


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