OECD Reviews of Integrity in Education: Ukraine 2017

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Education in Ukraine is marked by integrity violations from early childhood education and care through postgraduate study.  In the past decade policy makers and civic organisations have made progress in addressing these challenges. However, much remains to be done. OECD Reviews of Integrity in Education: Ukraine 2017 aims to support these efforts.

The review examines systemic integrity violations in Ukraine. These include: preferential access to school and pre-school education through favours and bribes; misappropriation of parental contributions to schools; undue recognition of learning achievement in schools; paid supplementary tutoring by classroom teachers; textbook procurement fraud; and, in higher education, corrupt access, academic dishonesty, and unwarranted recognition of academic work.

The report identifies how policy shortcomings create incentives for misconduct and provide opportunities for educators and students to act on these incentives. It presents recommendations to address these weaknesses and strengthen public trust in a merit-based education system. The audience of this report is policy makers, opinion leaders and educators in Ukraine.



Undue recognition of academic achievement in Ukrainian higher education

This chapter examines undue recognition of academic achievement in higher education. Undue recognition is widespread and it is manifested in over-marking in return for payment and services, marking students based on the work done by other people, assessment in absentia and nepotism. Teachers and students have clear incentives to engage in over-marking: teachers are reluctant to invest in rigorous and time-consuming assessment because it could jeopardise their routine of holding multiple jobs, while students are keen to benefit from over-marking, and have weak intrinsic motivation to study and low awareness of and attachment to norms of academic integrity. Opportunities for malpractice are facilitated, in part, by opaque assessment principles and by assessment criteria that are not disclosed to students.


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