OECD Reviews of Integrity in Education: Ukraine 2017

image of OECD Reviews of Integrity in Education: Ukraine 2017

Education in Ukraine is marked by integrity violations from early childhood education and care through postgraduate study.  In the past decade policy makers and civic organisations have made progress in addressing these challenges. However, much remains to be done. OECD Reviews of Integrity in Education: Ukraine 2017 aims to support these efforts.

The review examines systemic integrity violations in Ukraine. These include: preferential access to school and pre-school education through favours and bribes; misappropriation of parental contributions to schools; undue recognition of learning achievement in schools; paid supplementary tutoring by classroom teachers; textbook procurement fraud; and, in higher education, corrupt access, academic dishonesty, and unwarranted recognition of academic work.

The report identifies how policy shortcomings create incentives for misconduct and provide opportunities for educators and students to act on these incentives. It presents recommendations to address these weaknesses and strengthen public trust in a merit-based education system. The audience of this report is policy makers, opinion leaders and educators in Ukraine.


Private supplementary tutoring in Ukraine

Teachers in Ukraine often provide fee-based private supplementary tutoring to their own students. This practice – which is not prohibited or regulated - creates undesirable incentives. Teachers may offer preferential treatment in class to the students they tutor, or teach and mark poorly those they do not to create demand for their tutoring services. This chapter focuses on the conditions that lead families to seek private tutoring, and teachers to provide it. It recommends a range of measures to prevent tutoring that gives rise to conflicts of interest, including prohibiting teachers from tutoring their own students for a fee; introducing an obligation for tutors to register; providing better-quality feedback to parents on the learning progress; strengthening confidence that the EIT can be mastered with the help of regular schooling; and evaluating teacher compensation.


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