OECD Reviews of Evaluation and Assessment in Education: Sweden 2011

image of OECD Reviews of Evaluation and Assessment in Education: Sweden 2011

How can student assessment, teacher appraisal, school evaluation and system evaluation bring about real gains in performance across a country’s school system? This book provides, for Sweden,  an independent analysis from an international perspective of major issues facing the evaluation and assessment framework in education along with current policy initiatives, and possible future approaches. This series forms part of the OECD Review on Evaluation and Assessment Frameworks for Improving School Outcomes.



School Evaluation

School evaluation in Sweden is based on national inspections, municipal school evaluation and school self-evaluation. The feedback that schools receive on their performance is of high quality and the recently created Schools Inspectorate provides incentives for schools to remediate identified shortcomings. The evaluation capacities of school staff seem well developed thanks to an emphasis on school self-evaluation activities and a range of tools to support it. However, while inspections consider the internal quality work of schools, the integration of internal and external school evaluation could be further strengthened. The recent abolition of compulsory quality reporting holds a risk of being understood by schools as a devaluation of internal quality work. Some municipalities contribute remarkably to the quality of school evaluation but the large variability in the quality of municipal school evaluations is a major concern. There is room for further investment in strengthening school leadership and developing capacity for school evaluation at both the school and municipal level. If school self-evaluation is well developed, then the external evaluation can move to focus more on risk-analysis, proportional inspection and stronger follow-up of problematic cases.


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