OECD Reviews of Evaluation and Assessment in Education: Mexico 2012

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This book provides, from an international perspective, an independent analysis of major issues facing the educational evaluation and assessment framework, current policy initiatives, and possible future approaches in Mexico.


School education in Mexico

The governance of schools is largely decentralised with states taking most responsibility as school providers. This follows the 1992 National Agreement for the Modernisation of Basic Education signed between the federal government, the state government and the National Union of Education Workers, which transferred the operation of federal basic education to state governments. However, the federal government through the Secretariat for Public Education (SEP) is responsible for national education policy and the overall strategy for the education system. The SEP regulates areas such as funding, evaluation and administration of education personnel. It retains normative authority to assure the uniformity of education services across the country and guarantee their national character. Other major players include the National Council of Educational Authorities (CONAEDU), which assumes responsibilities for educational planning and co-ordination of decision making among the federal government and the states; the National Institute for Educational Assessment and Evaluation (INEE); the National Assessment Centre for Higher Education (CENEVAL); the National Council for the Evaluation of Social Development Policy (CONEVAL); and the National Union of Education Workers (SNTE). Major features of the Mexican education system include: the dominance of half-day schooling; the difficult social contexts faced by schools; a deficient school infrastructure; numerous challenges facing the teaching profession; the limited school autonomy; and the considerable funding inequities. Student learning outcomes in Mexico are considerably below the OECD average in spite of some progress in the last decade. There are also concerns about strong social inequities in the school system. Major reforms were launched in recent years including the Comprehensive Reform of Basic Education (RIEB), the National Assessment of Academic Achievement in Schools (ENLACE) and a range of targeted federal educational programmes.


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