OECD Reviews of Evaluation and Assessment in Education: Bosnia and Herzegovina

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Bosnia and Herzegovina (BiH) has high levels of educational attainment and performs similar to other Western Balkan economies in international assessments of student learning, like the Programme for International Student Assessment (PISA). However, large shares of students in BiH continue to leave school without mastering basic competencies and there are signs of inequities in the learning outcomes. BiH also has limited comparable data on teaching and learning and faces considerable capacity and resource constraints. Considering collaboration across the country’s different levels of government is limited, these factors prevent the development and implementation of sustainable education reforms. This review explores some of the contextual features of education systems in BiH and highlights how a stronger evaluation and assessment frameworks can help achieve higher learning standards for all students.


Sarajevo Canton

Sarajevo Canton contains the capital of Bosnia and Herzegovina (BiH), Sarajevo City, and has the highest population density and strongest economy of all jurisdictions in the country (). Together, the city and canton of Sarajevo generated nearly 33% of the total GDP of the Federation of Bosnia and Herzegovina (FBiH) in 2017 (Sarajevo Canton, 2019[1]). Sarajevo Canton has important tourism, food processing, manufacturing and information technology sectors, and hosts a number of large international companies. Until recently, Sarajevo Canton had a single ministry with responsibilities for education policy. In spring 2021, however, these responsibilities were split between the new Ministry of Education and Upbringing, which governs pre‑school, school and adult education and a separate Ministry for Higher Education, Science and Youth, which is responsible for higher education, as well as science and youth policy areas (MoES, n.d.[2]; MoE, n.d.[3]). This profile examines the context and features of Sarajevo Canton’s evaluation and assessment system for education and highlights policy recommendations that can help strengthen this system to improve teaching and learning.


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