OECD Handbook for Internationally Comparative Education Statistics

Concepts, Standards, Definitions and Classifications

image of OECD Handbook for Internationally Comparative Education Statistics

This handbook provides answers to questions such as "What is a teacher?", "What do we mean by public education expenditure?" as well as questions concerning the use of the indicators "How should I interpret expenditure per student?" "What is it measuring?".  In so doing, the handbook aims to facilitate a greater understanding of the OECD statistics and indicators produced and so allow for their more effective use in policy analysis.  Equally, it provides a ready reference of international standards and conventions for others to follow in the collection and assimilation of educational data.  This publication describes the methodology used in the International Survey of Upper Secondary Schools(ISUSS) and in related OECD publications and allows researchers to understand and replicate its analyses.

English Also available in: French

The Definition and Classification of Educational Programmes

The Practical Implementation of ISCED

Centre for Educational Research and Innovation

This chapter covers the conceptual, definitional and classification issues concerning educational programmes. It is organised in three parts. The first part begins with an overview of the International Standard Classification of Education (ISCED-97) which provides the foundation for internationally comparative education statistics and goes on to set out the definitions and classifications that apply to educational programmes within it. The second part then sets out in detail how educational programmes are allocated within each ISCED level, considering the criteria that define the boundaries between educational levels. The final part shows how ISCED-97 is operationalised by detailing how each OECD countries’ national educational programmes are in practice mapped to the ISCED-97 classification. These mappings are reviewed on an ongoing basis and so may have been revised since publication of this book; the up to ...


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