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Nordic Cooperation with Russia in Education and Research

image of Nordic Cooperation with Russia in Education and Research

This study maps current and planned education and research cooperation that the Nordic countries (Denmark, Finland, Iceland, Norway and Sweden) have with Russia. The study includes bilateral, Nordic, regional, intergovernmental and EU levels, but focuses on the bilateral, national level. The study covers all the fields of research and all the educational levels: primary and upper-secondary schools, vocational, higher and adult education. This study is of use on both a national and international level. It serves both readers who wish to obtain an overview of cooperation in bilateral education and research between the Nordic countries and Russia, as well as readers interested in becoming acquainted with the various forms in which Nordic countries cooperate in the fields of education and research with Russia as a whole. This study, commissioned by the Nordic Council of Ministers, has been carried out by the Aleksanteri Institute, which is the Finnish Centre for Russian and Eastern European Studies at the University of Helsinki.

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Introduction

These days, the cooperation of the Nordic countries with Russia in education and research is active. This cooperation can not only be viewed from at least two perspectives, it can also be placed in the larger framework of globalisation; education and research are constantly undergoing internationalisation, which began in earnest in recent decades. Although this increased cooperation in education and research with Russia can be seen from that perspective, the collapse of the Soviet Union and Russia’s political reform in the beginning of the 1990s also opened new doors to intensifying cooperation in many fields. Russia gradually became interested in international cooperation in education and research, and the Nordic countries, especially Finland, Norway and Sweden, began formulating their bilateral research and education agendas with Russia. In addition to bilateral agendas, cooperation with Russia has been taking shape on the intergovernmental level: the Nordic Council of Ministers (NCM) and the Council of the Baltic Sea States (CBSS) have been active cooperation developers. EU-Russia relations are another important framework to consider in this respect.

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