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Mending the Education Divide

Getting Strong Teachers to the Schools That Need Them Most

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Teachers can shape their students' educational careers. Research shows that children taught by different teachers often experience very different educational outcomes. This begs the questions: how are teachers assigned to schools in different countries? And to what extent do students from different backgrounds have access to good teachers? Building on literature identifying the characteristics and practices of teaching that boost student achievement, this report shows how teachers with different characteristics and practices tend to concentrate in different schools, and how much access students with different socio-economic backgrounds have to good teachers. It points out the aspects of different educational systems that influence how teachers are allocated to schools. The report also discusses the consequences that inequitable teacher allocation systems have on students’ educational outcomes.

English Also available in: French

Do students have equitable access to effective teachers and learning environments?

Teachers can have an enormous influence on the cognitive and socio‑emotional development of their students. But there are significant differences in the extent to which teachers are able to help their students succeed. Such large observed variation in teachers’ effectiveness raises the question of which students have the opportunity to be taught by effective teachers. Building on the literature that identifies teachers’ characteristics and teaching practices that are robustly linked to effectiveness, this chapter looks at how strong teachers are distributed across schools, and which types of schools (and students) are more likely to benefit from them.

English Also available in: French

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