Lessons from PISA 2012 for the United States

image of Lessons from PISA 2012 for the United States

This report compares the performance of 15-year-olds in the United States in PISA against the global patterns and trends. But it goes beyond the aggregate level analysis that have so far been published in the PISA 2012 reports, to give analysis of student performance on individual mathematics test items in order to reveal students’ strengths and weaknesses. Considering this also in the context of the relationship between PISA and the Common Core Standards for Mathematics can help connect these results to what the United States aspires to teach in classrooms and help inform teaching practices that can support performance improvement.



PISA and the U.S. Common Core State Standards for Mathematics

How does PISA relate to the education standards that apply within the United States? Most U.S. states have adopted the Common Core State Standards for Mathematics (CCSSM) as their state mathematics standard. A relevant question therefore is how performance measured by PISA relates to the CCSSM and whether faithful implementation of CCSSM is likely to improve the U.S. performance in the PISA test? This chapter provides an initial investigation into this.


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