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Education Indicators in Focus

Education Indicators in Focus is a recurring series of briefs that highlight specific indicators in OECD’s Education at a Glance that are of particular interest to policy makers and practitioners. They provide a detailed look into current issues in pre-primary, primary and secondary education, higher education, and adult outcomes from a global perspective, and contain an engaging mix of text, tables and charts that describe the international context of the most pressing questions in education policy and practice.

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How can the comparability of early childhood education and care statistics be improved?

The types of services available to children and their parents vary significantly across OECD countries. This makes international comparisons of ECEC more challenging. The revision of ISCED in 2011 was a significant first step towards better identifying the education component of ECEC programmes and capturing information about ECEC services designed for children under the age of 3. Extending this typology to ECEC services that are considered an integral part of countries’ ECEC provision but do not comply with all the ISCED 0 criteria, offers opportunities to better understand enrolment statistics.



While much progress has been made in recent years, additional efforts are needed to pursue the development of ECEC indicators to take into account other characteristics that affect the interpretation and comparability of statistics across countries.

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