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Higher Education to 2030, Volume 1, Demography

image of Higher Education to 2030, Volume 1, Demography
Demographic changes increasingly shape social policies as most OECD populations are ageing and include more migrants and “minorities”. Japan and Korea have already started to see their enrolments in tertiary education decline, but other countries like Turkey and Mexico can still expect a boom. Drawing on trend data and projections, this book takes an in-depth look at these important questions from both a qualitative and quantitative standpoint. Issues covered include the impact of demographic changes on student enrolment, educational attainment, academic staff and policy choices. Particular attention is given to how access policies determine the demographics of tertiary education, notably by examining access to higher education for disabled and migrant students. The book covers most OECD countries, illustrating the analysis with specific examples from France, Japan, Korea and the United States. This book is the first volume in the Higher Education to 2030 series, which takes a forward-looking approach to analysing the impact of various contemporary trends on tertiary education systems. Two further volumes will examine the effects of technology and globalisation, and a fourth will present scenarios for the future of higher education systems.

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The Future of Higher Education in the Context of a Shrinking Student Population

Policy Challenges for Japan and Korea

Centre for Educational Research and Innovation

This chapter looks at the future of higher education policy in Japan and Korea in light of the rapid demographic changes, characterised by ageing populations, low birth rates, and the saturation of the higher education markets following the completion of universal higher education in the two countries. This comparative analysis of Japan and Korea provides useful information for other OECD countries that will have to face similar long-term demographic challenges when developing their higher education policy agendas.

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