Higher Education in Regional and City Development: Bío Bío Region, Chile 2010

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The Bío Bío Region has pioneered regional development in Chile. It has a high concentration of higher education and research activity. Its universities and other higher education institutions have made significant progress in widening access to education. But challenges remain: the Bío Bío Region continues to suffer from brain drain as well as higher than average unemployment and poverty rates.

How can the Bío Bío Region promote new business formation and the development of the existing small and medium-sized companies? What incentives are needed to improve higher education institutions’ regional and local orientation? How can higher education institutions move from knowledge generation towards knowledge transfer?

This joint OECD and World Bank review explores a range of helpful policy measures and institutional reforms to mobilise higher education for the development of the Bío Bío Region. It is part of the series of the OECD reviews of Higher Education in Regional and City Development. These reviews help mobilise higher education institutions for economic, social and cultural development of cities and regions. They analyse how the higher education system impacts upon regional and local development and bring together universities, other higher education institutions and public and private agencies to identify strategic goals and to work towards them.

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Capacity building for regional co-operation

Institutional Management in Higher Education

Interactions between higher education institutions and the region in which they are located are beneficial to both parties. For this interaction to take place capacity – skills and resources – needs to be built in regional agencies as well as higher education institutions. This chapter will examine the capacity and capacity building in the regional agencies of the Bío Bío Region and its higher education institutions. This chapter will highlight the capacity in the institutions and processes in light of the decentralisation process and the efforts made by the regional government, regional development agencies and higher education institutions. It will examine where policies and practices can be improved. This chapter concludes with recommendations on how to improve regional co-operation.


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