Higher Education in Regional and City Development: Bío Bío Region, Chile 2010

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The Bío Bío Region has pioneered regional development in Chile. It has a high concentration of higher education and research activity. Its universities and other higher education institutions have made significant progress in widening access to education. But challenges remain: the Bío Bío Region continues to suffer from brain drain as well as higher than average unemployment and poverty rates.

How can the Bío Bío Region promote new business formation and the development of the existing small and medium-sized companies? What incentives are needed to improve higher education institutions’ regional and local orientation? How can higher education institutions move from knowledge generation towards knowledge transfer?

This joint OECD and World Bank review explores a range of helpful policy measures and institutional reforms to mobilise higher education for the development of the Bío Bío Region. It is part of the series of the OECD reviews of Higher Education in Regional and City Development. These reviews help mobilise higher education institutions for economic, social and cultural development of cities and regions. They analyse how the higher education system impacts upon regional and local development and bring together universities, other higher education institutions and public and private agencies to identify strategic goals and to work towards them.

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Institutional Management in Higher Education

Numerous national and regional stakeholders and representatives of higher education institutions provided valuable insights during the review visit and in the form of comments. This OECD report is based on data published up to and including 2009. The OECD and the World Bank would like to thank in particular the lead coordinators and other active local counterparts for this review: Martin Zilic, Andrés Viveros, Sergio Lavanchy, Héctor Gaete, Juan Cancino, Javier Vera, Aldo Ballerini, Claudio Lapostol, Marcos Delucchi, Felix Alderstein, Daniela Moraga, Pelayo Covarrubias and the rest of the regional steering committee (see Annex 2). Additional thanks goes to Eliana Chamizo, Ricardo Reich, Mónica Poblete and Juan Sandoval.


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