Higher Education in Norway

Labour Market Relevance and Outcomes

image of Higher Education in Norway

The higher education system in Norway generally produces graduates with good skills and labour market outcomes. This success can be largely attributed to Norway’s robust and inclusive labour market and recent higher education reforms to improve quality. However, some Norwegian students have poor labour market outcomes and past success is no guarantee of future success, especially as the Norwegian economy upskills and diversifies. This report provides advice and recommendations to improve the labour market relevance and the outcomes of higher education in Norway. The analysis finds that there is an opportunity to expand work-based learning opportunities, improve career guidance, and do a better job of using innovative learning and teaching practices to improve labour market relevance across the system. The report concludes that Norwegian policy makers have a larger role to play in steering the system. Policy makers can set the conditions for greater labour market relevance by strengthening the mechanism for collaboration between higher education institutions and employers, ensuring better coordination and use of labour market information, and redoubling efforts to support quality learning and teaching. This report was developed as part of the OECD Enhancing Higher Education System Performance project.



The economy and labour market

This chapter examines the economic context in Norway and what it means for the labour market relevance of higher education. The main message of the chapter is that Norway’s economy is one of the most skilled, prosperous, and inclusive in the world, but Norway cannot take its current success for granted. As explored in this chapter, Norway is susceptible to the same global forces as other OECD countries such as technological change, demographic shifts, increasing economic competition, and faces its own unique domestic challenges, including the cyclical nature of the resources sector and the need to develop a more diversified economy. This chapter concludes with a discussion about how higher education can develop the right mix of labour market relevant skills to ensure current and future economic success.



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