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Higher Education in Norway

Labour Market Relevance and Outcomes

image of Higher Education in Norway

The higher education system in Norway generally produces graduates with good skills and labour market outcomes. This success can be largely attributed to Norway’s robust and inclusive labour market and recent higher education reforms to improve quality. However, some Norwegian students have poor labour market outcomes and past success is no guarantee of future success, especially as the Norwegian economy upskills and diversifies. This report provides advice and recommendations to improve the labour market relevance and the outcomes of higher education in Norway. The analysis finds that there is an opportunity to expand work-based learning opportunities, improve career guidance, and do a better job of using innovative learning and teaching practices to improve labour market relevance across the system. The report concludes that Norwegian policy makers have a larger role to play in steering the system. Policy makers can set the conditions for greater labour market relevance by strengthening the mechanism for collaboration between higher education institutions and employers, ensuring better coordination and use of labour market information, and redoubling efforts to support quality learning and teaching. This report was developed as part of the OECD Enhancing Higher Education System Performance project.

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Structure and governance of the higher education system

This chapter contextualises higher education within the broader Norwegian education systems and provides an overview of the structure of higher education; the profile of higher education students; the pathways and processes to enter higher education; the accessibility of the system; and the investment made by government into higher education. This chapter also explores how government and its subordinate agencies use regulation, funding, information and organisation within the higher education system.

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