Equally prepared for life?

How 15-year-old boys and girls perform in school

image of Equally prepared for life?

This report explores the educational performance and attitudes of males and females during childhood and adolescence. It opens with a general summary of gender differences measured outside of the PISA assessment programme and then considers the knowledge gained about gender-related issues from PISA 2000, PISA 2003 and PISA 2006 when reading, mathematics and science respectively were the major domains of assessment. Among the key findings: in reading in PISA 2000, females significantly outscored males in all countries; in mathematics in PISA 2003, males outscored females somewhat; in the combined science scale in PISA 2006, there was no overall significant difference observed between males and females. However, when examining the various science competencies, knowledge components and attitudes to science, there were some marked differences.



Foreword, Table of Contents, Reader's Guide

Reader’s Guide

Data underlying the figures

The data referred to in this report are presented in Appendix B and, with additional detail, on the PISA website (www.pisa.oecd.org). Five symbols are used to denote missing data:

  • a The category does not apply in the country concerned. Data are therefore missing.
  • c There are too few observations to provide reliable estimates (i.e. there are fewer than 30 students or less than 3% of students for this cell, or too few schools for valid inferences).
  • m Data are not available or have been removed for technical reasons.
  • w Data have been withdrawn at the request of the country concerned.
  • x Data are included in another category or column of the table.


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