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Ensuring Quality in Cross-Border Higher Education

Implementing the UNESCO/OECD Guidelines

image of Ensuring Quality in Cross-Border Higher Education

In the past decade, many countries have designed explicit internationalisation policies for their higher education systems, acknowledging the benefits of international exposure to prepare students for a globalising economy as well as the many opportunities of cross-border mobility for innovation, improvement and capacity development in higher education and in the economy.

Cases of fraud and opportunistic behaviour have shown that these promises come with risks for students and other tertiary education stakeholders though. It is precisely to help all stakeholders to minimise these risks and strengthen the dynamics of openness, collaboration and transparency across countries that UNESCO and OECD jointly developed the Guidelines for Quality Provision in Cross-Border Higher Education.

This book monitors the extent to which tertiary education stakeholders complied with the Guidelines in 2014. It will be of interest to policy makers, leaders of tertiary education institutions and quality assurance agencies, as well as to academics and other parties interested in higher education and its internationalisation.

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Country answers to the survey

This annex presents the answers to all questions of the survey, either as original reported answers or including revisions from countries performed in June and July 2014. The numbers above each question correspond to the question numbers in the original questionnaire and are also the same as the question numbers used in Annexes 1.A1, 2.A1 and 3.A1 in the calculation of the indices.

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