Education Policy Outlook 2021

Shaping Responsive and Resilient Education in a Changing World

image of Education Policy Outlook 2021

Education systems operate in a world that is constantly evolving towards new equilibria, yet short-term crises may disrupt, accelerate or divert longer-term evolutions. This Framework for Responsiveness and Resilience in Education Policy aims to support policy makers to balance the urgent challenge of building eco-systems that adapt in the face of disruption and change (resilience), and the important challenge of navigating the ongoing evolution from industrial to post-industrial societies and economies (responsiveness). Building on international evidence and analysis from over 40 education systems, this framework endeavours to establish tangible, transferable and actionable definitions of resilience. These definitions, which are the goals of the framework (Why?), are underpinned by policy components of responsiveness (What?), which define priority areas for education policy makers. Policy pointers for resilience (How?) then illustrate how policy makers can apply these components in ways that promote resilience at the learner, broader learning environment and system levels of the policy ecosystem. Finally, a transversal component looks into the people and the processes undertaken in order to reach a given purpose (Who?). The report has been prepared with evidence from the Education Policy Outlook series – the OECD’s analytical observatory of education policy.



The Alternative Path to University project (2019) promotes equitable access to higher education as part of a broader student admissions reform (2018-20). Through this project, open studies courses are available at most higher education institutions across Finland, which allow learners to study at evenings, weekends, and via distance learning. There are no admissions requirements, and courses come at a relatively low cost to learners. Although they do not lead to a qualification, open studies courses allow learners to gain credits recognised within the European Credit Transfer and Accumulation System (ECTS), which can contribute towards a degree at the same university. In addition, the TRY project aims to develop new entry routes for secondary-level students, and admissions options that fit the needs of working life. The project was funded by Finland’s Ministry of Education and includes 11 of the country’s universities.



This is a required field
Please enter a valid email address
Approval was a Success
Invalid data
An Error Occurred
Approval was partially successful, following selected items could not be processed due to error