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Education Policy Outlook 2018

Putting Student Learning at the Centre

image of Education Policy Outlook 2018

Taking the students’ perspective, Education Policy Outlook 2018: Putting Student Learning at the Centre analyses the evolution of key education priorities and key education policies in 43 education systems. It compares more recent developments in education policy ecosystems (mainly between 2015 and 2017) with various education policies adopted between 2008 and 2014. This report includes around 200 policies spanning from early childhood education and care (ECEC) to higher education and lifelong learning on topics such as: improving the quality and access to ECEC, promoting education success for all students, reducing the negative impact of some system-level policies and practices, increasing completion of upper secondary education, developing quality vocational education and training, enhancing the quality of tertiary education, supporting transitions across education pathways and the labour market.

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Turkey

Turkey had a mean score of 425 points in PISA 2015, compared to the OECD average of 493 points. Performance in science has remained stable across PISA cycles, with an average score change of 1.5 score points, while performance in reading and mathematics has stayed the same. Compared to other countries and economies participating in PISA variation in science performance in Turkey associated with the socio-economic status of students, as measured by the PISA index of ESCS decreased strongly between 2006 and 2012 (-6.1%). Socio-economic status had one of the lowest impacts in the OECD on science performance in PISA 2015, explaining 9% of the variance in performance (OECD average: 12.9%), and there was no significant gender difference in science performance in PISA 2015. Immigrant students make up 0.8% of the student population of 15-year-olds in Turkey, a proportion which is among the lowest in the OECD (OECD average: 12.5%). Performance differences between immigrant and non¥immigrant students are close to the OECD average. Immigrants scored on average 31 score points lower than non-immigrants in science in PISA 2015, compared to the OECD average of 31 score points.

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