Education Policy Outlook 2018

Putting Student Learning at the Centre

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Taking the students’ perspective, Education Policy Outlook 2018: Putting Student Learning at the Centre analyses the evolution of key education priorities and key education policies in 43 education systems. It compares more recent developments in education policy ecosystems (mainly between 2015 and 2017) with various education policies adopted between 2008 and 2014. This report includes around 200 policies spanning from early childhood education and care (ECEC) to higher education and lifelong learning on topics such as: improving the quality and access to ECEC, promoting education success for all students, reducing the negative impact of some system-level policies and practices, increasing completion of upper secondary education, developing quality vocational education and training, enhancing the quality of tertiary education, supporting transitions across education pathways and the labour market.




France scored close to the OECD average in science in PISA 2015, with a mean score of 494 points, compared to the OECD average of 493 points. On average, across three-year PISA cycles, performance in science has remained stable since PISA 2006. Reading performance has remained stable since PISA 2000. On average, mathematics performance has decreased since PISA 2003, but has stabilised across more recent cycles. Socio-economic status had one of the largest impacts in the OECD on science performance in PISA 2015, explaining 20.3% of the variance in performance (OECD average: 12.9%). The impact of ESCS on performance in science has not changed since 2006. There was no significant gender difference in science performance in PISA 2015 at a general level. Immigrant students make up 13.2% of the student population of 15-year‑olds in France, close to the OECD average of 12.5%. Performance differences between immigrant and non-immigrant students are also close to the OECD average. Immigrants scored on average 32 score points lower than non-immigrants in science in PISA 2015, compared to the OECD average of 31 score points with an equivalent socio‑economic background.



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