Education Policy Outlook 2018

Putting Student Learning at the Centre

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Taking the students’ perspective, Education Policy Outlook 2018: Putting Student Learning at the Centre analyses the evolution of key education priorities and key education policies in 43 education systems. It compares more recent developments in education policy ecosystems (mainly between 2015 and 2017) with various education policies adopted between 2008 and 2014. This report includes around 200 policies spanning from early childhood education and care (ECEC) to higher education and lifelong learning on topics such as: improving the quality and access to ECEC, promoting education success for all students, reducing the negative impact of some system-level policies and practices, increasing completion of upper secondary education, developing quality vocational education and training, enhancing the quality of tertiary education, supporting transitions across education pathways and the labour market.




In the 2015 Programme for International Student Assessment (PISA), Australia scored higher than the OECD average in science, with a mean score of 510 points, compared to the OECD average of 493 points. Performance in science declined across PISA cycles between 2006 and 2015, with an average three-year change of -5.7 score points. Performance in reading and mathematics has also declined across PISA cycles. Socio‑economic status had lower-than-average impact on science performance in PISA 2015, explaining 11.7% of the variance in performance (OECD average: 12.9%). The impact of economic, social and cultural status (ESCS) on performance in science has not changed since 2006. There was no significant gender difference in science performance in PISA 2015. Immigrant students make up 25% of the student population of 15-year-olds in Australia, a proportion which is among the highest in the OECD (OECD average: 12.5%). Unlike in many OECD countries, in PISA 2015, there was no significant performance gap between immigrant and non-immigrant students in science, with a score difference of just -5 points.



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