Education Policy Outlook 2015

Making Reforms Happen

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The Education Policy Outlook is designed to help education policy makers with reform choices. It addresses the need for improvement in education in a comparative manner, while taking into account the importance of national context. Through a review of different countries’ experiences in implementing education reform, the publication offers directions and strategies to facilitate future changes.

Given different national contexts, individual countries’ reform challenges cannot be simply transposed into a different country or system. Nevertheless, countries face many similar challenges and implement reforms in similar areas. The 2015 edition of the Education Policy Outlook provides a comparative review of policy trends. It explores specific reforms adopted across the OECD over the past seven years to help countries learn from one another and choose the reforms best adapted to their needs and context.

The Education Policy Outlook will be of interest to policy makers, analysts and education practitioners alike.

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Evaluation and assessment to improve student outcomes

What kinds of policy options do policy makers have to enhance evaluation and assessment to improve student outcomes? This chapter discusses the context, main issues and policy options adopted across OECD countries to develop better evaluation and assessment policies. Evaluation and assessment policies can contribute to raising the quality of institutions by providing detailed information and identifying areas for improvement. They comprise policies which seek to measure performance and understand improvement for better school and student outcomes through system evaluation, internal and external school evaluation, and student assessments.The chapter reviews policies adopted across OECD countries between 2008 and 2014 in a comparative approach, drawing mainly from the Education Policy Country Snapshots (), Education Policy Outlook Country Profiles, and OECD comparative and country-specific analysis on education systems. The reforms vary across countries, as they are influenced by context, traditions, institutional settings and specific national and regional challenges. The policies all aim to improve the quality of schools and student performance and have been grouped according to the different policy options and their scope.

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