Education Policy Advice for Greece

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The future of Greece’s well-being will depend on improving educational performance to boost productivity and improve social outcomes. In the current economic context, with the need to get best value for spending, Greece must and can address inefficiencies in its education system.

The challenges are significant. For example, Greece lags behind many OECD countries in performance on PISA, including countries with the same or lower levels of expenditure per student as well as countries with the same and lower levels of economic development. Salary costs per student are above the OECD average, mostly because Greek teachers have less teaching time and Greece has smaller classes. A smaller percentage of students who enter tertiary education complete a first degree within the statutory study time than in any other country in Europe.

To address the challenges, the Greek government has established a bold agenda and sought advice from a task force on the development and implementation of reform proposals that reflect best practices in OECD countries. This report provides the outcomes of the work of the task force. It presents a roadmap for how the reforms can be successfully implemented, with pointers to relevant experience in other countries. As a contribution to the on-going policy discussions in Greece, it recommends specific short-, medium- and long-term actions that can improve efficiency in the country’s education system.



Improving Efficiency in Primary and Secondary Education

Rather than addressing the full range of reforms, this chapter focuses specifically on four major areas where urgent and fundamental change must be made to improve the efficiency of the Greek primary and secondary education system:

• development and use of human resources;

• rationalisation of the school network;

• evaluation and assessment; and

• governance and management of the education system.

For each of these issues, a brief analysis, an outline of major reforms, and the OECD’s observations and recommendations for further action are provided.


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