Education in Thailand

An OECD-UNESCO Perspective

image of Education in Thailand

Thailand’s education system stands at a crossroads. Significant investment has widened access to education and the country performs relatively well in international assessments compared with its peers. But the benefits have not been universally distributed and Thailand has not received the return on its spending on education that it might have expected. This report encourages Thailand to focus on four priority areas to prepare students from all backgrounds for a fast-changing world. The first is to set clear, common standards for all students through a revised and improved curriculum. The second priority is to build capacity to reliably assess students across the full range of competencies needed for success in life and in learning. Third, Thailand needs to develop a holistic strategy to prepare teachers and school leaders to deliver education reform, including implementing the revised curriculum, and to tackle teaching shortages in the most deprived areas. The final challenge is to create a comprehensive information and communications technology strategy to equip all Thailand’s schools, teachers and students for the 21st century.



Thailand's education curriculum

A clear, coherent and relevant curriculum is at the heart of any good education system. This chapter outlines the impact of Thailand’s switch from a content-based curriculum to a modern standards-based approach in 2001 and its revision in 2008. It identifies four policy issues hampering the effective implementation of Thailand’s curriculum reforms to improve student outcomes: 1) the quality of the curriculum document itself; 2) a lack of capacity among teachers and schools to implement the curriculum; 3) limited capacity to assess how well the curriculum has delivered its intended outcomes; and 4) weak use of existing review processes.


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