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Education in Indonesia

Rising to the Challenge

image of Education in Indonesia

Having made impressive progress in widening access to basic education, Indonesia must now consolidate these gains and develop an education system that will support better the needs of a rapidly emerging economy in its transition towards high-income status. This report provides guidance on how Indonesia can rise to this challenge. It highlights three main policy directions which, pursued together, would help Indonesia advance on the path towards stronger growth and more inclusive and sustainable development. The first priority is to raise the quality of education and ensure that all learners acquire the skills they need to succeed in life and work. The second goal is to widen participation, requiring a concerted effort to improve access for disadvantaged groups and expand provision beyond the basic level. The final challenge is to increase efficiency, with a more data-driven approach to resource allocation, better tailoring of provision to local needs, and stronger performance management.

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The Indonesian education system in context

Indonesia is an archipelago stretching some 5 000 kilometres between the Indian and Pacific Oceans and encompassing three time zones from its western to its eastern end. It comprises 17 508 islands, only around 6 000 of which are inhabited, and is the fourth largest country in the world, with a widely distributed population totalling more than 250 million. It also has the 16th largest economy in the world, and the largest economy in the Association of Southeast Asian Nations (ASEAN). One of the world’s major emerging market economies, Indonesia is a member of the G20 group of major economies. It is also the world’s most populous Muslim nation.

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