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Education in Indonesia

Rising to the Challenge

image of Education in Indonesia

Having made impressive progress in widening access to basic education, Indonesia must now consolidate these gains and develop an education system that will support better the needs of a rapidly emerging economy in its transition towards high-income status. This report provides guidance on how Indonesia can rise to this challenge. It highlights three main policy directions which, pursued together, would help Indonesia advance on the path towards stronger growth and more inclusive and sustainable development. The first priority is to raise the quality of education and ensure that all learners acquire the skills they need to succeed in life and work. The second goal is to widen participation, requiring a concerted effort to improve access for disadvantaged groups and expand provision beyond the basic level. The final challenge is to increase efficiency, with a more data-driven approach to resource allocation, better tailoring of provision to local needs, and stronger performance management.

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Education for life, work and further learning in Indonesia

The review team takes a rounded view of the role of education, which has personal, community, societal and economic purposes. Education is about forming the whole human person to realise her or his potential and live a fulfilling life. It is about socialising individuals to the ethical values and cultural norms of the community in which they live and liberating them from their backgrounds by widening their mental horizons and aspirations, and opening options to pursue opportunities beyond those available locally. Education is a means of acquiring skills, from skills of personal survival and healthy growth through to skills as contributing citizens of the nation. Education builds generic and knowledge-specific skills and understanding for work in different contexts, whether in employment or self-employment or as an employer or entrepreneur. Education is about developing adaptive expertise – the ability to apply learned knowledge and skills flexibly and creatively in different situations. Effective education lays the cognitive and behavioural foundations and motivations for further learning throughout life as actively inquiring rather than passively accepting citizens.

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