Education in Chile

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Chile’s education system can foster stronger economic, democratic and social development in the country. There are significant macroeconomic benefits to education, such as increased productivity. That said, individuals tend to benefit the most from high-quality, equitable education systems.

In 2004, the OECD performed a review of national education policies and an analysis of the Chilean education system. This review aims to identify key changes in the Chilean education system mainly from 2004-16, in order to analyse where education in Chile stands today and offer recommendations to help provide better education opportunities for all Chileans in the coming years. The review therefore examines different areas of education policy in Chile, from early childhood education and care (ECEC) to higher education.

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Strengthening the quality of teaching and school leadership in Chile

Teachers are the most important factor influencing student achievement. What is the best way to prepare them to face constantly evolving educational needs in an increasingly globalised world? Chile’s new Education Law 20.903, which created the new System of Teacher Education and Professional Development (Sistema de Desarrollo Professional Docente), is an opportunity for Chile to support teachers to improve professionally and augment the impact they have on student learning. The following recommendations aim to provide guidance on ways to improve the new teacher education and professional development system and its implementation by: 1) engaging teachers in the reform process; 2) completing the review of the Good Teaching Framework and developing professional standards; 3) reviewing how initial teacher education and in-service training is delivered; 4) promoting and providing high-quality professional development opportunities for all teachers and school leaders, and; 5) developing a strong professional cadre of school leaders and principals.


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