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Education in Chile

image of Education in Chile

Chile’s education system can foster stronger economic, democratic and social development in the country. There are significant macroeconomic benefits to education, such as increased productivity. That said, individuals tend to benefit the most from high-quality, equitable education systems.

In 2004, the OECD performed a review of national education policies and an analysis of the Chilean education system. This review aims to identify key changes in the Chilean education system mainly from 2004-16, in order to analyse where education in Chile stands today and offer recommendations to help provide better education opportunities for all Chileans in the coming years. The review therefore examines different areas of education policy in Chile, from early childhood education and care (ECEC) to higher education.

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Assessment and recommendations

Chile’s education system can foster stronger economic, democratic and social development in the country. There are significant macro-economic benefits to education, such as increased productivity. That said, individuals tend to benefit the most from highquality, equitable education systems. There are many reasons for this. Better-educated people are less dependent on public aid, and are less vulnerable to economic downturns. Greater literacy proficiency among adults in OECD countries is also associated with higher levels of interpersonal and generalised trust. High levels of institutional and interpersonal trust strongly predict economic prosperity and individual well-being. Increased trust also predicts higher levels of political efficacy, greater participation in volunteer activities and better health.

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