Developing Minds in the Digital Age

Towards a Science of Learning for 21st Century Education

image of Developing Minds in the Digital Age

This book highlights new scientific research about how people learn, including interdisciplinary perspectives from neuroscience, the social, cognitive and behavioural sciences, education, computer and information sciences, artificial intelligence/machine learning, and engineering. These new developments offer fascinating new perspectives, based on technological advances, which enable a re-examination of longstanding problems in learning, raise new questions, and offer new approaches to the study of learning. This report seeks to catalyse discussions on the implications of these research findings for education practice and policy, and in turn, on how knowledge and experience from real-world education practice and policy could challenge and inform research agendas and theory building.



Designing effective number input: Lessons from cognitive science

Mastering a basic understanding of numbers is critically important for children’s future success in school, the workplace and everyday life. Unfortunately, individual differences in children’s understanding of basic number concepts arise early in development and gaps in number knowledge are particularly apparent amongst children of varying socioeconomic statuses. Research in home and school environments suggests that much of the variability in children’s number knowledge can be attributed to differences in quantity and quality of the number-related input that children receive from parents, teachers and caregivers. The present chapter explores sources of variability in children’s understanding of numbers, factors that make learning about numbers challenging, and characteristics of effective number input. Finally, we discuss how previous and ongoing research can be useful in informing policies aimed at promoting early number knowledge and reducing achievement gaps.


This is a required field
Please enter a valid email address
Approval was a Success
Invalid data
An Error Occurred
Approval was partially successful, following selected items could not be processed due to error