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Balancing School Choice and Equity

An International Perspective Based on Pisa

image of Balancing School Choice and Equity

Many countries are struggling to reconcile greater flexibility in school choice with the need to ensure quality, equity and coherence in their school systems. This report provides an international perspective on issues related to school choice, especially how certain aspects of school-choice policies may be associated with sorting students into different schools. A key question fuelling the school-choice debate is whether greater competition among schools results in more sorting of students by ability or socio-economic status. At the macro level, school segregation can deprive children of opportunities to learn, play and communicate with other children from different social, cultural and ethnic backgrounds, which can, in turn, threaten social cohesion. The report draws a comprehensive picture of school segregation, using a variety of indicators in order to account for the diversity of the processes by which students are allocated to schools. 

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The level of social and academic segregation across schools

This chapter analyses the sorting of students across schools by socio-economic status and ability. The degree of both social and academic segregation across schools is measured by several indicators, illustrating the various ways segregation is manifested in a school system.

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Graphs

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