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PISA in Focus

PISA in Focus is a series of monthly education policy-oriented notes designed to describe a PISA topic in a concise, user-friendly way.

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Are Disadvantaged Students more Likely to Repeat Grades?

  • One in eight students across OECD countries has repeated a grade at least once before the age of 15.
  • Many countries reduced the rate of grade repetition between 2003 and 2012.
  • One in five disadvantaged 15-year-olds has repeated a grade. Even among students with similar academic performance, the likelihood of repeating a grade is one-and-a-half times greater for disadvantaged students than for advantaged students.

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