AI and the Future of Skills, Volume 1

Capabilities and Assessments

image of AI and the Future of Skills, Volume 1

Artificial intelligence (AI) and robotics are major breakthrough technologies that are transforming the economy and society. The OECD’s Artificial Intelligence and the Future of Skills (AIFS) project is developing a programme to assess the capabilities of AI and robotics, and their impact on education and work.

This volume reports on the first step of the project: identifying which capabilities to assess and which tests to use in the assessment. It builds on an online expert workshop that explored this question from the perspectives of both psychology and computer science. The volume consists of expert contributions that review skills taxonomies and tests in different domains of psychology, and efforts in computer science to assess AI and robotics. It provides extensive discussion on the strengths and weaknesses of different approaches, and outlines directions for the project. The report can therefore be a resource for the research community of multiple fields and policy makers who wish to obtain deeper insight into the complexity of machine capabilities.


Assessing collective intelligence in human groups

This chapter summarises the research on collective intelligence (CI) in human groups over the last ten years. It describes key factors that lead to development of CI in human teams and discusses the approach taken to measuring it. It also examines different task taxonomies, including the McGrath Group Task Circumplex, and looks at the nature of interdependence in CI. Newer research on enhancing CI is explored, including possible roles for artificial intelligence (AI). The chapter discusses how these approaches could provide useful directions for shaping and evaluating AI, and particularly artificial social intelligence, for enabling teamwork in more complex settings.


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