AI and the Future of Skills, Volume 1

Capabilities and Assessments

image of AI and the Future of Skills, Volume 1

Artificial intelligence (AI) and robotics are major breakthrough technologies that are transforming the economy and society. The OECD’s Artificial Intelligence and the Future of Skills (AIFS) project is developing a programme to assess the capabilities of AI and robotics, and their impact on education and work.

This volume reports on the first step of the project: identifying which capabilities to assess and which tests to use in the assessment. It builds on an online expert workshop that explored this question from the perspectives of both psychology and computer science. The volume consists of expert contributions that review skills taxonomies and tests in different domains of psychology, and efforts in computer science to assess AI and robotics. It provides extensive discussion on the strengths and weaknesses of different approaches, and outlines directions for the project. The report can therefore be a resource for the research community of multiple fields and policy makers who wish to obtain deeper insight into the complexity of machine capabilities.


Assessing artificial intelligence capabilities

As artificial intelligence (AI) becomes more mature, it is increasingly used in the world of work alongside human beings. This raises the question of the real value provided by AI, its limits and its complementarity with the skills of biological intelligence. Based on evaluations of AI systems by the Laboratoire national de métrologie et d’essais in France, this chapter proposes a high-level taxonomy of AI capabilities and generalises it to other AI tasks to draw a parallel with human capabilities. It also presents proven practices for evaluating AI systems, which could serve as a basis for developing a methodology for comparing AI and human intelligence. Finally, it recommends further actions to progress in identifying the strengths and weaknesses of AI vs. human intelligence. To that end, it considers the functions and mechanisms underlying capabilities, taking into account the specificities of non-convex AI behaviour in the definition of evaluation tools.


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