AI and the Future of Skills, Volume 1

Capabilities and Assessments

image of AI and the Future of Skills, Volume 1

Artificial intelligence (AI) and robotics are major breakthrough technologies that are transforming the economy and society. The OECD’s Artificial Intelligence and the Future of Skills (AIFS) project is developing a programme to assess the capabilities of AI and robotics, and their impact on education and work.

This volume reports on the first step of the project: identifying which capabilities to assess and which tests to use in the assessment. It builds on an online expert workshop that explored this question from the perspectives of both psychology and computer science. The volume consists of expert contributions that review skills taxonomies and tests in different domains of psychology, and efforts in computer science to assess AI and robotics. It provides extensive discussion on the strengths and weaknesses of different approaches, and outlines directions for the project. The report can therefore be a resource for the research community of multiple fields and policy makers who wish to obtain deeper insight into the complexity of machine capabilities.



L’intelligence artificielle (IA) et la robotique constituent des technologies révolutionnaires majeures qui transforment l’économie et la société. Pour comprendre et anticiper ces transformations, les décideurs politiques doivent d'abord comprendre ce que ces technologies sont capables de faire. L’OCDE a lancé le projet L’IA et les compétences de demain afin de concevoir un programme qui permette d'évaluer les capacités de l’IA et de la robotique et leurs répercussions dans les domaines de l’éducation et du travail. Ce rapport constitue la première étape dans le développement de l’approche méthodologique du projet. Il examine les taxonomies et les tests existants dans le domaine de la psychologie et de l’informatique et évalue leurs points forts, leurs faiblesses, et la possibilité de les utiliser pour évaluer les capacités des machines.

French Also available in: German, English

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