AI and the Future of Skills, Volume 1

Capabilities and Assessments

image of AI and the Future of Skills, Volume 1

Artificial intelligence (AI) and robotics are major breakthrough technologies that are transforming the economy and society. The OECD’s Artificial Intelligence and the Future of Skills (AIFS) project is developing a programme to assess the capabilities of AI and robotics, and their impact on education and work.

This volume reports on the first step of the project: identifying which capabilities to assess and which tests to use in the assessment. It builds on an online expert workshop that explored this question from the perspectives of both psychology and computer science. The volume consists of expert contributions that review skills taxonomies and tests in different domains of psychology, and efforts in computer science to assess AI and robotics. It provides extensive discussion on the strengths and weaknesses of different approaches, and outlines directions for the project. The report can therefore be a resource for the research community of multiple fields and policy makers who wish to obtain deeper insight into the complexity of machine capabilities.


Building an assessment of artificial intelligence capabilities

This chapter synthesises the expert contributions of the report and offers perspectives for building a comprehensive assessment of artificial intelligence (AI) capabilities. It compares and contrasts the contributions of psychologists and computer scientists along two dimensions: whether they focus on human or AI taxonomies and tests, and whether they test isolated capabilities or more complex tasks. The chapter argues that a more complete assessment of AI must bring together the different approaches. It illustrates this argument with an example in the area of language. Finally, the chapter offers next steps towards a systematic assessment of AI capabilities, which will allow for drawing fine-grained implications for work and education.


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