A Review of International Large-Scale Assessments in Education

Assessing Component Skills and Collecting Contextual Data

image of A Review of International Large-Scale Assessments in Education

The OECD has initiated PISA for Development (PISA-D) in response to the rising need of developing countries to collect data about their education systems and the capacity of their student bodies. This report aims to compare and contrast approaches regarding the instruments that are used to collect data on (a) component skills and cognitive instruments, (b) contextual frameworks, and (c) the implementation of the different international assessments, as well as approaches to include children who are not at school, and the ways in which data are used. It then seeks to identify assessment practices in these three areas that will be useful for developing countries. This report reviews the major international and regional large-scale educational assessments: large-scale international surveys, school-based surveys and household-based surveys. For each of the issues discussed, there is a description of the prevailing international situation, followed by a consideration of the issue for developing countries and then a description of the relevance of the issue to PISA for Development.



Implementation procedures and approaches to including out-of-school children in educational assessments

This chapter looks at two aspects of large-scale assessments. First, the implementation procedures used by PISA and other assessments, in particular institutional arrangements, sampling methods, data collection, data processing, and standardisation of implementation. In the case of each of the reviewed assessments, the chapter highlights any lessons that may be relevant for PISA for Development (PISA-D). Second, the chapter examines the methods and approaches that some of the reviewed surveys use to include out-of-school children in the assessments and highlights some lessons for PISA-D in this regard.


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