A Review of International Large-Scale Assessments in Education

Assessing Component Skills and Collecting Contextual Data

image of A Review of International Large-Scale Assessments in Education

The OECD has initiated PISA for Development (PISA-D) in response to the rising need of developing countries to collect data about their education systems and the capacity of their student bodies. This report aims to compare and contrast approaches regarding the instruments that are used to collect data on (a) component skills and cognitive instruments, (b) contextual frameworks, and (c) the implementation of the different international assessments, as well as approaches to include children who are not at school, and the ways in which data are used. It then seeks to identify assessment practices in these three areas that will be useful for developing countries. This report reviews the major international and regional large-scale educational assessments: large-scale international surveys, school-based surveys and household-based surveys. For each of the issues discussed, there is a description of the prevailing international situation, followed by a consideration of the issue for developing countries and then a description of the relevance of the issue to PISA for Development.



Component skills and cognitive instruments used in educational assessments

This chapter looks at the frameworks used in PISA and other surveys to assess reading, mathematics and science. In the case of each of the reviewed assessments the chapter outlines the approach used for the following: i) item development; ii) test design; iii) psychometric analyses; iv) cross-country comparability; v) trends; vi) proficiency levels; vii) translation, adaptation and verification of cognitive instruments; and viii) field trials and item selection. Under each of these areas, the implications and lessons for PISA for Development (PISA-D) are discussed.


This is a required field
Please enter a valid email address
Approval was a Success
Invalid data
An Error Occurred
Approval was partially successful, following selected items could not be processed due to error