OECD Economics Department Working Papers

Working papers from the Economics Department of the OECD that cover the full range of the Department’s work including the economic situation, policy analysis and projections; fiscal policy, public expenditure and taxation; and structural issues including ageing, growth and productivity, migration, environment, human capital, housing, trade and investment, labour markets, regulatory reform, competition, health, and other issues.

The views expressed in these papers are those of the author(s) and do not necessarily reflect those of the OECD or of the governments of its member countries.

English, French

Structural Unemployment in Denmark

The paper gives a broad discussion of structural unemployment seen from a Danish perspective. In the Danish Ministry of Finance the level of structural unemployment is estimated using two indicators - NAIRU and ITRU. The two indicators basically reflect variations in unemployment and inflation as measured by the GDP-deflator and are computed using historical simulations with the national macro-econometric model ADAM.

The uncertainty related to estimates of the level of structural unemployment calls for a great deal of caution when using such estimates in the framing of economic policy. Estimates of structural unemployment can nevertheless be useful when making forecasts of inflation and assessing the appropriate fiscal stance and - not least - when assessing the effectiveness of labour market policies and the possible need for changes. For the purpose of policy-making it is useful to make clear to what extent structural unemployment can be ascribed to “employability” problems of ...


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