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Space 2030

Tackling Society's Challenges

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This book explores the contribution space systems might make in dealing with looming societal challenges related to threats to the physical environment and the management of natural resources, growing mobility and its consequences, increasing security concerns, and the shift to the information society. It discusses the challenges for developing space applications. It assesses the strengths and weaknesses of the institutional, legal and regulatory frameworks that currently govern space activities in the OECD area and beyond. Finally, it formulates an overall policy framework that OECD governments might use in drafting policies designed to ensure that the potential that space has to offer is actually realised.

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Framework Conditions: Institutional Aspects

Framework conditions (i.e. the existing institutional, legal and regulatory regime) largely determine how society is organised for meeting future challenges. It is therefore important to assess whether such conditions will encourage the development of the space systems that can be expected to help solve enduring socio-economic challenges. This chapter focuses on institutional aspects (i.e. who does what, and does the current situation needs to be changed?), while legal and regulatory aspects are addressed in Chapter 5. The institutional issues addressed here first include the role of space agencies, their position in the overall machinery of government, their links (if any) with the military and questions raised by the setting up of major international projects. The balance of the chapter is devoted to institutional issues raised by the operation of space applications. Each main area of application (telecommunications, Earth observation, navigation) is considered in turn as pertinent institutional solutions differ significantly across applications, notably regarding the role to be played by public and private actors.

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