1887

OECD Economics Department Working Papers

Working papers from the Economics Department of the OECD that cover the full range of the Department’s work including the economic situation, policy analysis and projections; fiscal policy, public expenditure and taxation; and structural issues including ageing, growth and productivity, migration, environment, human capital, housing, trade and investment, labour markets, regulatory reform, competition, health, and other issues.

The views expressed in these papers are those of the author(s) and do not necessarily reflect those of the OECD or of the governments of its member countries.

English, French

Product Market Regulation and Economic Performance across Indian States

This paper uses the OECD's indicators of product market regulation to assess the extent to which the regulatory environment affects economic performance across Indian states. The degree to which product market regulation is supportive of competition is found to vary considerably across states. Furthermore, regression results indicate that these differences in regulation have a significant impact on both labour and total factor productivity. States in which the regulatory environment restricts competition have lower productivity growth in comparison to states in which regulation is more supportive of competition. Relatively liberal states are also found to attract more foreign investment and have a larger share of employment in the organised sector in comparison to states with a more restrictive regulatory environment. State governments that have enacted a relatively liberal regulatory framework have also been more successful at infrastructure provision. Ongoing reform of product market regulation is necessary to improve productivity growth further and ensure that the benefits of reform are distributed more widely across the country. This working Paper relates to the 2007 Economic Survey of India (www.oecd.org/eco/surveys/india).

English

Keywords: institutions and growth, productivity convergence
JEL: L5: Industrial Organization / Regulation and Industrial Policy; O1: Economic Development, Innovation, Technological Change, and Growth / Economic Development; O4: Economic Development, Innovation, Technological Change, and Growth / Economic Growth and Aggregate Productivity; K2: Law and Economics / Regulation and Business Law
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