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2004 Perspectives économiques de l'OCDE, Volume 2004 Numéro 2

image of Perspectives économiques de l'OCDE, Volume 2004 Numéro 2

Évaluation par l’OCDE en décembre 2004 des évolutions et perspectives économiques. Outre les analyses économiques et données statistiques habituelles, ce numéro présente des articles examinant les évolutions des cours du pétrole, et le comportement de l’épargne et l’efficacité de la politique budgétaire.

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Comportement d'épargne et efficacité de la politique budgétaire

Fiscal policy has been used as an antidote to weak activity during the most recent downturn and fiscal consolidation has been delayed in some countries because of its perceived costs in terms of lower activity. However, the impact of fiscal policy on aggregate demand depends on the responses of private saving to changes in fiscal stance. In certain circumstances budget deficit shifts can be offset by simultaneous compensating changes in private saving. This chapter examines the possible extent of such offsets, focusing on the case where co-movements in private and public saving may be related to uncertainties about how long a budget deficit can be sustained and the consequent need to provide against future tax “surprises”.

French English

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