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OECD in Figures 2008

image of OECD in Figures 2008

This 20th edition of OECD in Figures is an original, simple to use, pocket data book. It is a primary statistical source. As with all OECD data, it is compiled and checked by our experts, so that decision-makers in government, research and business know they can rely on it.

The 2008 edition of OECD in Figures contains key data ranging from economic growth and employment to education and migration. There are comparable tables on the environment, science, public finances, and on every theme the organisation is working on. For added perspective, OECD in Figures includes a selection of graphs, highlighting key challenges, such as public debt, climate change and development aid.

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Research and development (II), 2006

Research and development (II), 2006 appears in OECD in Figures 2008.

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OECD in Figures 2008 > Science and technology > Research and development (II), 20061
  % of business expenditure on R&D (BERD) performed in Researchers Higher education expenditure on R&D (HERD)
  (national totals)
  High- tech industries2 Medium
high- tech industries3
Medium low- tech and low- tech industries4 Service industries Full- time equivalent Per 1 000 total employment % of GERD % of GDP
                 
Australia 10.0 11.7 16.9 39.7 81384 8.4 26.8 0.48
Austria 31.0 27.8 12.9 27.4 30452 7.8 26.7 0.65
Belgium 41.2 23.7 15.7 17.0 33924 7.9 22.3 0.41
Canada 32.4 9.1 11.0 41.9 125330 7.7 35.5 0.69
Czech Republic 22.3 35.6 8.7 31.8 26267 5.2 15.9 0.25
Denmark 39.4 16.2 8.5 35.0 28653 10.2 26.1 0.63
Finland 63.8 13.5 12.1 8.2 40411 16.6 18.7 0.65
France 44.6 29.9 11.5 8.4 204484 8.2 18.2 0.38
Germany 29.6 52.2 8.3 9.4 282063 7.2 16.3 0.41
Greece 21.8 13.8 17.2 44.9 19907 4.3 47.8 0.27
Hungary 53.7 16.0 6.6 21.4 17547 4.5 24.4 0.24
Iceland 25.0 6.9 5.7 59.7 2155 13.4 22.0 0.61
Ireland 48.0 9.0 9.3 33.6 12167 6.0 26.0 0.34
Italy 33.1 29.1 8.0 26.8 82489 3.4 30.2 0.33
Japan 44.7 40.4 2.9 10.4 709691 11.0 12.7 0.43
Korea5 53.8 27.9 8.3 7.1 199990 8.6 10 0.32
Luxembourg .. .. .. 55.6 2346 7.4 2.4 0.04
Mexico 9.7 21.8 35.1 32.6 48401 1.2 27.4 0.14
Netherlands 40.9 27.8 8.5 17.4 45852 5.5 28.1 0.49
New Zealand .. .. .. 41.1 17235 10.5 32.5 0.38
Norway 12.6 16.3 12.6 50.3 21653 9.2 30.2 0.46
Poland 13.9 23.7 9.1 50.6 59573 4.4 31.0 0.17
Portugal 17.6 17.6 10.9 44.0 21126 4.1 35.4 0.29
Slovak Republic .. .. .. 51.7 11776 5.5 24.1 0.12
Spain 20.5 18.8 15.1 41.8 115798 5.8 27.6 0.33
Sweden 38.7 29.8 5.2 24.8 55729 12.6 20.4 0.76
Switzerland .. .. .. 19.6 25400 6.1 22.9 0.66
Turkey 16.3 42.0 14.5 25.8 42663 1.9 51.3 0.39
United Kingdom6 49.0 18.8 7.6 23.2 183534 5.8 26.1 0.47
United States67 40.3 16.6 6.4 36.1 1387882 9.6 14.3 0.37
G76 39.2 26.5 8.2 24.8 2972784 8.6 16.2 0.41
EU156 38.7 34.9 9.2 15.0 1133469 6.4 22.0 0.42
EU276 .. .. .. .. 1332397 6.0 22.1 0.39
OECD total6 .. .. .. .. 3879394 7.3 17.1 0.39
Brazil .. .. .. .. 84979 1.0 38.4 0.32
China8 .. .. .. .. 1223756 1.6 9.2 0.13
India9 .. .. .. .. 92500 0.2 4.9 0.03
Russian Federation 7.7 5.1 3.4 78.6 464357 6.8 6.1 0.07
South Africa .. .. .. 36.4 17303 1.4 19.3 0.18
1. Some national or OECD estimates
2. Aerospace; office and computing equipment; pharmaceuticals; radio, TV and communication equipment; medical, precision and optical instruments.
3. Motor vehicles; chemicals; electrical machinery; other transport; machinery and equipment.
4. Rubber and plastics; non-metallic mineral products; shipbuilding; ferrous and non-ferrous metals; metal products; petroleum; other manufacturing industries
5. Researchers, HERD: excluding R&D in the social sciences and humanities
6. Researchers: Secretariat estimates
7. HERD: Excluding most or all capital expenditures
8. Researchers: Overestimation possible.
9. HERD: underestimated.
.. Not available or not applicable.
Sources:
Main Science and Technology Indicators, OECD, Paris, 2008;
Research and Development Expenditure in Industry, 2006.
National sources:
Brazil: Ministry of Science and Technology (MCT);
India: National Science & Technology Management Information System, Department of Science & Technology.
© OECD 2008 

 

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