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OECD in Figures 2008

image of OECD in Figures 2008

This 20th edition of OECD in Figures is an original, simple to use, pocket data book. It is a primary statistical source. As with all OECD data, it is compiled and checked by our experts, so that decision-makers in government, research and business know they can rely on it. Thanks to the web edition, available via www.oecd.org/infigures, OECD in Figures is now more than ever the public gateway to one of the richest and most respected economic, financial, social and environmental databases around.

The 2008 edition of OECD in Figures contains key data ranging from economic growth and employment to education and migration. There are comparable tables on the environment, science, public finances, and on every theme the organisation is working on. For added perspective, OECD in Figures includes a selection of graphs, highlighting key challenges, such as public debt, climate change and development aid.

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From Chapter: Science and technology
.

Research and development (I), 2006

Research and development (I), 2006 appears in OECD in Figures 2008.

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OECD in Figures 2008 > Science and technology > Research and development (I), 20061
  Gross domestic expenditure on R&D (GERD) Business enterprise expenditure on R&D (BERD) Government budget appropriations for R&D, 2007
  % of GDP % financed by Per capita at current USD, PPPs % of GERD % of value added in industry % financed by % of GDP % of which defence R&D
  Government Industry Government Industry
                     
Australia2 1.78 40.51 52.97 578 54.1 1.43 4.2 93.4 0.52 6.5
Austria2 2.45 36.58 46.35 875 67.8 2.5 6.4 67.2 0.68 0.0
Belgium 1.83 24.65 59.68 614 67.9 2.01 6.5 82.5 0.61 0.3
Canada2 1.94 32.68 47.97 714 54.7 1.6 2.7 81.6 0.57 3.6
Czech Republic 1.54 38.97 56.91 340 66.2 1.4 13.6 83.7 0.61 2.8
Denmark 2.43 27.58 59.53 856 66.6 2.84 2.4 86.0 0.79 0.6
Finland 3.45 25.11 66.56 1129 71.3 4.01 3.7 89.9 0.98 2.4
France 2.11 38.39 52.24 656 63.3 2.33 10.1 80.8 0.77 22.4
Germany 2.53 28.38 67.57 810 69.9 2.8 4.5 92.0 0.76 6.4
Greece 0.57 46.82 31.06 156 30.0 0.28 5.6 85.7 0.29 0.5
Hungary 1.00 44.77 43.3 182 48.3 0.76 8.4 75.6 0.37 0.1
Iceland 2.78 40.5 48.00 990 51.5 2.5 2.8 84.9 0.88 0.0
Ireland 1.32 30.13 59.26 538 67.5 1.35 3.8 86.5 0.53 0.0
Italy 1.09 50.68 39.66 304 50.4 0.85 9.7 79.2 0.61 1.4
Japan2 3.39 16.18 77.07 1086 77.2 3.8 1.0 98.5 0.68 5.1
Korea 3.23 23.07 75.45 743 77.3 3.64 4.7 94.8 0.91 16.6
Luxembourg 1.47 16.61 79.72 1147 84.9 1.81 5.2 91.7 0.39 0.0
Mexico 0.50 45.34 46.49 57 49.4 0.36 5.7 92.6 0.21 0.0
Netherlands 1.67 36.23 51.06 609 57.6 1.52 3.4 81.6 0.71 2.0
New Zealand 1.16 42.98 41.25 290 41.8 0.71 11.3 80.7 0.53 0.0
Norway 1.52 43.99 46.41 791 54.2 1.21 10.5 80.7 0.70 5.6
Poland 0.56 57.45 33.05 82 31.5 0.25 12.3 80.9 0.32 0.9
Portugal 0.83 55.2 36.27 174 41.7 0.59 4.2 91.4 0.76 0.7
Slovak Republic 0.49 55.56 34.96 87 43.1 0.30 20.8 68.2 0.28 2.2
Spain 1.2 42.49 47.07 354 55.5 1.02 14.4 79.0 01.00 16.6
Sweden 3.73 23.5 65.7 1301 74.9 4.68 4.2 87.1 0.85 16.8
Switzerland 2.9 22.71 69.73 1003 73.7 3.24 1.5 90.9 0.69 0.6
Turkey 0.76 48.63 46.05 67 37.0 0.35 8.7 90.0 .. ..
United Kingdom 1.78 31.87 45.2 588 61.6 1.69 7.6 69.4 0.74 28.3
United States23 2.62 29.34 64.89 1146 70.3 2.98 9.3 90.7 1.02 58.3
G7 2.5 27.83 64.67 921 69.7 2.76 6.8 90.6 0.89 38.2
EU154 1.88 33.96 54.77 557 63.8 1.92 7.1 82.2 0.78 13.4
EU274 1.76 34.72 54.14 492 63.0 1.75 7.3 82.1 0.73 12.8
OECD total4 2.26 29.46 62.71 694 68.8 2.43 6.8 89.6 0.81 32.7
Brazil 1.02 57.88 39.38 92 47.9 .. 0.8 99.2 0.53 1.2
China5 1.42 24.71 69.05 66 71.1 .. 4.5 91.2 .. ..
India6 0.71 80.81 16.11 13 19.8 .. .. .. .. ..
Russian Federation 1.08 61.1 28.81 141 66.6 1.01 52.0 35.7 0.36 52.1
South Africa 0.92 38.19 43.87 78 58.3 0.81 16.2 68.3 .. ..
1. Some national or OECD estimates
2. GBAORD: Federal government only
3. GERD, BERD: Excluding most or all capital expenditures
4. GBAORD: underestimated.
5. % of GERD/BERD financed by govermnent or industry: the sum of the breakdown does not add to the total
6. Underestimated.
.. Not available or not applicable.
Sources:
Main Science and Technology Indicators, OECD, Paris, 2008.
National sources:
Brazil: Ministry of Science and Technology (MCT);
India: National Science & Technology Management Information System, Department of Science & Technology.
© OECD 2008 

 

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