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OECD in Figures 2008

image of OECD in Figures 2008

This 20th edition of OECD in Figures is an original, simple to use, pocket data book. It is a primary statistical source. As with all OECD data, it is compiled and checked by our experts, so that decision-makers in government, research and business know they can rely on it. Thanks to the web edition, available via www.oecd.org/infigures, OECD in Figures is now more than ever the public gateway to one of the richest and most respected economic, financial, social and environmental databases around.

The 2008 edition of OECD in Figures contains key data ranging from economic growth and employment to education and migration. There are comparable tables on the environment, science, public finances, and on every theme the organisation is working on. For added perspective, OECD in Figures includes a selection of graphs, highlighting key challenges, such as public debt, climate change and development aid.

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From Chapter: Science and technology
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Patents and trade in technology

Patents and trade in technology appears in OECD in Figures 2008.

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OECD in Figures 2008 > Science and technology > Patents and trade in technology
  Technology balance of payments Patenting activity Trade coverage ratios Export market shares
  Million USD, 20061 Triadic patent families2 Patent applications filed under the PCT3 Exports as % of imports % of total OECD
  Total % of which foreign co- inventors ICT Bio- technology High- tech industries4 Medium high- tech industries5 All manu- facturing industries High- tech mfg industries4
  Receipts Payments Balance 2005 2005 2005 2005 2005 2006 2006 2006 2006
                         
Australia 2517.4 2434.5 82.8 385 2052 13.3 564 155 23 21 0.9 0.4
Austria 2429.7 2425.8 3.9 327 1131 24.9 306 39 88 115 1.8 1.0
Belgium 7579.6 5956.3 1623.3 361 974 43.2 213 76 100 115 5.0 3.7
Canada 2072.2 1180.6 891.6 777 2666 26.5 1066 231 63 82 4.2 2.2
Czech Republic 1282.1 1590.5 -308.4 16 120 38.6 28 5 89 129 1.4 01.0
Denmark 1657.3 1055.3 602.0 229 1127 17.0 241 109 106 85 1.1 1.0
Finland 3333.2 2608.1 725.1 278 1420 15.7 872 39 123 103 1.1 1.0
France 5188.3 3233.5 1954.8 2472 6067 19.9 2022 223 106 110 6.7 6.6
Germany 34315.1 31941.6 2373.5 6298 16245 15.8 3890 508 105 200 15.9 12.9
Greece .. .. .. 11 98 24.1 20 5 23 20 0.3 0.1
Hungary 1595.6 2365.9 -770.2 41 180 28.8 41 5 121 114 1.0 1.3
Iceland .. .. .. 6 37 42.0 13 3 39 6 - -
Ireland 23123.9 26554.9 -3431.0 62 288 33.0 108 15 194 190 1.5 3.1
Italy 4968.0 3989.9 978.0 722 2813 13.2 503 89 69 123 6.0 2.5
Japan 20448.8 6065.3 14383.5 14976 22740 3.1 9405 1221 133 367 9.1 9.3
Korea 816.4 3237.3 -2420.9 2811 5152 4.6 2308 158 168 163 4.8 6.5
Luxembourg 1141.6 1017.4 124.2 23 38 58.5 8 0 55 55 0.2 0.1
Mexico 180.4 2093.5 -1913.1 17 172 22.1 20 6 99 97 3.1 3.7
Netherlands .. .. .. 1092 3087 18.2 1369 168 105 123 4.9 6.1
New Zealand 7.9 3.7 4.2 63 344 17.6 60 30 26 28 0.3 0.1
Norway 4366.7 2588.7 1778.0 118 623 17.2 167 21 46 37 0.6 0.3
Poland 1290.3 2984.7 -1694.4 13 104 37.9 18 5 44 95 1.5 0.5
Portugal 737.0 909.6 -172.6 11 85 20.4 24 7 46 65 0.6 0.3
Slovak Republic 348.9 573.0 -224.1 3 36 45.8 4 0 75 110 0.6 0.4
Spain 175.4 1334.4 -1159.0 197 1141 18.1 190 77 44 77 2.9 1.3
Sweden 11556.0 10839.3 .. 732 2441 17.7 869 96 134 122 2.0 1.8
Switzerland 8839.4 12416.5 -3577.1 807 1976 43.4 415 94 177 119 2.1 3.8
Turkey .. .. .. 26 233 12.3 19 01 23 19 0.6 0.1
United Kingdom 30405.5 15424.5 14981.0 1651 5712 23.8 1939 328 114 82 5.9 9.4
United States 75380.0 35479.0 39901.0 15774 46542 10.3 17667 2913 81 69 13.9 19.5
Brazil .. .. .. 58 339 18.2 41 15 44 98 1.6 0.6
China .. .. .. 356 3774 13.0 2099 90 116 91 14.1 20.5
India .. .. .. 113 978 24.8 209 50 26 61 1.7 0.4
Russian Federation 528.5 1137.9 -609.4 63 715 23.2 198 31 17 37 1.8 0.2
South Africa 45.6 1278.7 -1233.1 30 372 8.5 59 10 15 63 0.6 0.1
1. Official exchange rates.
2. Patents applied for at the European Patent Office (EPO), the Japan Patent Office (JPO) and granted to the US Patent & Trademark Office (USPTO), estimations for priority year 2005. The priority date corresponds to the first international request for protection.
3. Patent applications filed under the Patent Co-operation Treaty (PCT), at international phase (EPO designations), for priority year 2005 at the aggregate level.
4. Aerospace; office and computing equipment; drugs and medicines; radio, TV and communication equipment; medical, precision and optical instruments.
5. Motor vehicles; chemicals; electrical machinery; other transport; machinery and equipment
.. Not available or not applicable.
- Nil or negligible.
Sources:
Main Science and Technology Indicators, OECD, Paris, 2008;
OECD, STAN Indicators Database 2008 (forthcoming);
OECD, Patents database, June 2008;
OECD, International Trade by Commodity Statistics; United Nations, COMTRADE Database, 2008.
© OECD 2008 

 

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